NOTE: This appendix provides answers to the review questions found at the
end of each chapter of this TRAMAN. When a question was drawn from a source
other than this TRAMAN, the reference source is included with the answer.
A1. Footing abutment, pile abutment, and concrete abutment.
A2. The numbers of rows of piles. A bent has one row of piles; a pier has two
or more rows.
A3. Foundation bed, footing, and foundation wall.
A4. A sheet pile.
A5. A mole.
A6. The W12 x 50 wide flange shape. Because it has a greater cross-sectional
A7. The type of construction that uses masonry walls to support floor and
A8. According to Steelworker 3 &2, NAVEDTRA 10653-G, page 12-10, girts
are used primarily as attachment members for the metal siding.
A1. The transmission system and the distribution system.
A2. The radial distribution system.
A3. To step down primary voltage to utilization level.
A4. On a crossarm or spool rack located below the primary mains.
A5. When they are shown to be more economical or when special
circumstances warrant the use of concrete poles.
A6. Number size, type, voltage, and location.
A7. The level of underground water that has collected over an impervious
A8. Water quantity, reliability, and quality.
A9. NEVER. Water distribution and sewage collection piping must always be
A10. To pump sewage from a lower level to a higher level because gravity flow
is no longer possible or practical at the lower level.
A1. (A) Traveled way, (B) shoulder, (C) crown, (D) base course, (E) subbase
course, (F) surface or surface course.