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CHAPTER 1 ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT ORGANIZATION l l When you have read and understood this chapter, you should be able to answer the  following  learning  objectives: Describe   the   engineering   department .   Explain   the   use   of   directives   in   Navy organization. organization. Describe  the  engineering  department  watch organization. Organization  is  the  orderly  arrangement  of materials  and  personnel  by  functions.  Sound organization   is   a   requisite   for   good   shipboard administration. A  shipboard  organization  is  designed  to  carry  out the  objectives  of  its  command.  It  is  based  on  the assignment  of  responsibilities  and  authority  to individuals within the organization. It includes essential functions,  specific  responsibilities  of  organizational units, and their duties, responsibilities, and authority. The Standard  Organization  and  Regulations  of  the  U.S. Navy,  OPNAVINST   3120.32B,   prescribes   the administration  organization  for  all  Navy  ships. STANDARD SHIP ORGANIZATION U.S.   Navy   Regulations,   1990,   assign   the commanding officer (CO) the responsibility to organize the officers and crew of a ship. The executive officer (XO)  is  responsible  for  the  organization  of  the command as a whole. The heads of departments assign individuals  to  stations  and  duties  within  their departments. The requirements for battle form the basis for the organization  of  combat  ships  and,  as  appropriate,  for noncombat  ships.  Key  officers  head  functional  groups, such as those shown in figure 1-1, that make up the battle  organization  of  such  ships.  The  officers  man specified  stations  and  control  the  activities  of  personnel under their direction. Functional group control adds flexibility to the battle organization. That flexibility increases  the  organization’s  effectiveness  when  the  ship executes  the  plan  for  battle  or  variations  made necessary by the tactical situation. The  CO  is  head  of  the  battle  organization.  He exercises  command  control  and  engages  the  enemy  to the best of his ability. The following officers help the CO  in  his  tasks:  the  navigator,  operations  officer, weapons  officer  (or  first  lieutenant),  engineer  officer, damage control assistant, air officer (aircraft carriers), and  the  combat  cargo  officer  (amphibious  operations). Each of these officers controls one or more of the major control functions of the ship in battle. Those functions (fig.  1-1)  include  ship  control,  operations  control, weapons  control,  engineering  control,  damage  control, air  base  control,  and  debarkation  control.  When embarked,  the  air  group  commander  is  responsible  to the commanding officer in matters affecting the air group’s  readiness. In many departments, the division of personnel (fig.  1-2)  is  similar  to  that  in  the  shipboard  battle organization. However, to meet the requirements of sound  organization  principles,  the  administrative organization structure must allow for certain functions that  have  no  place  in  battle.  Day-to-day  routines emphasize  training  and  maintenance,  and  certain support  measures  are  necessary  for  administrative reasons. The five basic departments found in all ships are  the  navigation  department,  operations  department, weapons department (deck department in some ships), engineering  department,  and  supply  department.  An officer may head more than one department in ships that do not have enough officers to go around. 1-1

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