Figure 7-7.--Dug-in cave holes.
The types of dug-in CAVE HOLES shown in figure
observation if you remain still, but instantly attract
7-7 are dug in the side of hills or mountains and are used
attention if you move. Any movement against a
as a command post for the unit, a machine gun position,
stationary background causes you to stand out very
or a rifle or light automatic-weapon position. When
clearly; therefore, if you change position, move
possible, the entrance to these emplacements should be
carefully (over a concealed route if possible) to the new
concealed and camouflaged. They provide excellent
protection from enemy observation and fire.
The SECOND principle is to USE ALL
A PRONE EMPLACEMENT (fig. 7-8) provides
AVAILABLE CONCEALMENT. Background is
protection from small-arms fire, shelling, bombing, and
important; blend in with it to prevent detection. Trees,
strafing by enemy planes. It is a one-man hole and is
bushes, grass, earth, and artificial structures form
normally the type of emplacement dug by and for
backgrounds of various colors, and color is a factor in
command post personnel.
whether or not you will be concealed by blending. Select
a background that blends with your uniform and absorbs
the outline of your figure. Stay in the shadows whenever
Temporary Battlefield Positions
Figure 7-9 shows the application of cover and
The THIRD principle of concealment is KEEP
concealment principles in the selection of a temporary
LOW; that is, maintain a crouch or squat, or better still,
battlefield position. The illustrations indicate you should
a prone position. The lower silhouette you present, the
observe and fire around the side of an object, and keep
more difficult it is for the enemy to see you. Keep off
as low as possible to cover and conceal most of your
the skyline, even at night.
head and body. The illustrations show a rifleman who is
Finally, EXPOSE NOTHING THAT SHINES.
right-handed firing or observing; a rifleman who fires
Sunlight reflecting off a shiny surface can be seen for a
left-handed would observe and fire from the left side of
great distance and attracts attention instantly.
the object he is using for cover and concealment.
The FIRST principle of concealment is to AVOID
Camouflage is a general term applied to measures
ALL UNNECESSARY MOVEMENT. You may
(either natural or artificial) taken to conceal yourself,
frequently be in a position where you can escape
your position, and your equipment from enemy