room and fireroom. The watch is assigned to prevent
sabotage and damage from other causes, to keep out
unauthorized personnel, and to detect and eliminate fire
hazards, flood hazards, and other potentially dangerous
conditions. At the same time, cold iron watches are
stationed in other important idle machinery spaces. If
not, the engine room and/or fireroom watches
periodically inspect additional spaces. A cold iron
watch should be stationed in otherwise unoccupied idle
firerooms and engine rooms underway as well as in
port. A responsible petty officer must be assigned to
supervise the cold iron watch.
The engineer officer should require posting of the
daily watch list at least 24 hours in advance. The
engineer officer or his representative must approve and
sign the watch bill, and it may not be changed without
approval from one of those officers.
Directives are instructions or notices used by a
command at any level to prescribe policies,
organizations, procedures, and methods that serve as
guides to control the decisions and action of
subordinates. The Navy Directives Issuance System
Manual, SECNAVINST 5215.1C, establishes the
directives system for the Navy and sets forth a simple
and uniform plan for issuing, filing, and maintaining
directives under the system. Directives are assigned
identifying numbers according to their subjects as listed
in the Department of the Navy File Maintenance
Procedures and Standard Subject Identification Codes,
The following definitions of policies, procedures,
orders, instructions, and regulations are necessary to
understand the purpose of directives.
l A military POLICY prescribes the course of
action to be followed in a given situation. Policies
should be written, for they are used to gauge the action
required in recurring situations. Policies established at
the top levels are broad and general, whereas those
established at lower levels must be more specific and
conform to the higher level policies.
l A military PROCEDURE is a series of
coordinated steps laid out for the performance of
. A military ORDER is a formal oral or written
command, issued by a superior officer to a subordinate.
It establishes a rule or regulation or delegates authority
for the performance of a function.
l An INSTRUCTION gives information
concerning the methods used to accomplish a mission.
It specifies the manner and conditions of performance
in the execution of projects and programs.
. A military REGULATION is a rule that sets
forth standards governing or restraining the conduct of
. Navy INSTRUCTIONS are directives that have
a long-term reference value and continue in effect until
canceled by the originator. Instructions may contain
information of a continuing nature or information that
requires continuing action. Instructions also direct
action that cannot be completed in the near future or
action that must be taken at a future date.
. Navy NOTICES are directives that apply for a
brief period of time (usually 6 months or less) and
provide for automatic cancellation on a prescribed date
or under a certain condition. Notices may require action
that can be completed upon receipt or they may contain
announcements and items of current interest.
Directives may be in the format of a letter or
publication. A letter type is made up of one or several
pages much like any other letter. A publication type is
normally equipped with covers and contains a title page,
a letter of promulgation, a record of changes page, a
table of contents, and an alphabetical index of contents.
The Standard Organization and Regulations of the U.S.
Navy, OPNAVINST 3120.32B, is a publication-type
directive. Certain shipboard directives are excluded
from the directives system. They are the captains night
order book, the ships plan of the day, the engineer
officers night order book, the OODs standing order
book, and the OODs memorandums.
The CO issues the ships directives system by
issuing two instructions. One instruction prescribes the
directives to be used in the system, the responsibilities
of the originators of the directives, the directives control
points and their functions, instructions for department
and divisional use of the systems, and standards for
reproducing the ships directives. The other instruction
issues the distribution lists for the ships directives.
The ships directives system provides for the wide
dissemination of the policies of the CO, the XO, and the
heads of departments. It supplies subordinate officers
with a way to issue amplifying and supplementary
instructions that place the policies and procedures in
effect. The system makes sure the ships policies and
procedures are in keeping with those of the Navy
Department and of fleet and TYCOMs by permitting