sound-powered telephones, maintenance and
repair of motors and generators.
. Main engines division: The main engines,
engine-room auxiliaries, reduction gears,
turbogenerators, pumps, air ejectors, piping
systems, watch standing, and safety precautions.
. Repair division: Watertight integrity, care of
damage control equipment, location of the repair
lockers, and the duties and responsibilities of the
pipe shop, shipfitter shop, and carpenter shop.
Most officers and enlisted personnel get initial
military training before or during basic training. In
addition, enlisted personnel are required to take military
training correspondence courses to qualify for
advancement. Most military training offered on board
ship is refresher training because even experienced
naval personnel may need to be reminded of their
military duties. Military training may be offered in a
number of ways, such as in formal classes, at morning
quarters, and as excerpts in the ships plan of the day.
There are four basic sources of professional
training: (1) civilian institutions, such as technical
schools, colleges, and universities; (2) Navy schools; (3)
correspondence courses; and (4) operational training.
Well discuss each of these in the following paragraphs,
but well give more attention to operational training
since it is the only ongoing training aboard ship and the
training most directly related to performance.
CIVILIAN INSTITUTIONS. Officers and senior
petty officers should counsel personnel on the need to
take courses in local education and training institutions
when they are on shore duty. and through the Campus
Afloat program, where many larger ships have civilian
instructors on board who hold colleges classes during
off-duty hours. These studies improve knowledge and
skill, help the chances for advancement, and help
prepare for civilian life.
NAVY SCHOOLS. Officers and senior petty
officers should counsel personnel to apply for Navy
schools that will help them advance. This is especially
true where a Navy school is not in the training path for
a rating and where younger personnel may not know
about specialized schools available to them. An example
is a school to qualify for a Navy enlisted classification
(NEC) specialty within the rating.
CORRESPONDENCE COURSES. Corres-
pondence courses are the most easily accessible of all
training courses. They offer the greatest variety of
military and professional development courses for
officers and enlisted personnel. BUPERSINST 1430.16
sets mandatory requirements for enlisted advancement
that include certain correspondence courses in military
and professional training. Those are listed in
Bibliography for Advancement Study, NAVEDTRA
12052. Figure 3-3 shows a record of courses taken for
advancement. It maybe useful as a way to keep up with
those who have completed the necessary courses.
Many other correspondence courses are available
both from the Navy and from other branches of the
armed services. Use the List of Training Manuals and
Correspondence Courses, NAVEDTRA 12061, to
review the offerings and to order courses. See the ESO
for sources and applications.
Each division should plan an operational training
program based on qualifications for advancement. It
should qualify personnel to do the jobs in their ratings
as well as the military and general ship-related jobs and
prepare them to advance in rate. As part of the
qualification process, it should prepare them to
complete Personnel Advancement Requirements (PAR)
and Personnel Qualification Standards (PQS), which
well discuss in more detail later in the chapter. The
division officer is primarily responsible for operational
training, but the division training officer (if the division
has one) implements it.
Senior personnel should keep up with their
subordinates training and qualifications so they can
adjust training to meet needs and provide their
supervisors with the current training status of all
personnel. The division officer needs a continuing flow
of information on training and qualifications. With that
information, he can keep accurate records to adjust the
division training program as necessary and to
recommend personnel for advancement.
Operational training may be defined as the
application phase of professional training. Trainees get
operational training mostly by study, by on-the-job
training and demonstration, and by drills while they
stand watch (or battle) stations. Such training develops
individual and team efficiency, familiarizes all
personnel with minimum operational requirements in
the ship, and qualifies replacements for personnel at
condition watch stations. On-the-job training and drills