Upon completing this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
1. Describe the most common deck fittings used on board ship.
2. Describe the approved rigging and procedures for going aloft and working over
3. Explain the safety requirements for going aloft and working over the side.
4. Describe the use and care of canvas and leather products on board ship. Explain
how to sew the different types of stitches that are common to deck force duties.
5. Explain the purpose of underway replenishment and identify the basic rigs
associated with underway replenishment.
Deck fittings are devices attached to the hull that
A cleat consists of an in-line pair of projecting horns
assist in handling the ship. The most common fittings
and is used for belaying a line.
are found around the weather decks. A brief description
Bitts are heavy vertical cylinders, usually arranged
in pairs, that are used for making fast lines led through
chocks. The upper end of a bitt is either larger than the
lower end or is fitted with a lip to keep the lines from
slipping off accidentally. Since bitts take very heavy
loads, extra frames are worked into their foundations to
distribute the strain. Usually, there is a set of bitts
forward and aft of each chock. When constructed in
pairs, each bitt is sometimes called a barrel.
A chock is a heavy fitting with smooth surfaces
through which mooring lines are led. Mooring lines are
run from bitts on deck through chocks to bollards on a
pier when the ship is moored. There are three types of
chocks: open, closed, and roller. An open chock is a
mooring chock that is open at the top. A closed chock is
a mooring chock closed by an arch of metal across the
top. A roller chock is a mooring chock that contains a
Figure 5-1.--Various deck fittings.