example, by voice "ambush front (left, right)" or by
principle of security in avoiding an ambush is easier
whistle or other signals.
than to escape from one. When ambushed, violent and
concerted reaction is required to prevent annihilation.
2. Previously determined ambushed elements,
Units must have a prearranged plan, known to every
execute an immediate assault.
3. Previously determined base of fire elements
individual according to his or her location and
from personnel not yet engaged in the ambush, assume
function in the formation.
base of fire positions. These fires simultaneously
support encircling maneuver elements and the
Entire Unit in Killing Zone
personnel in the killing zone.
It is seldom possible to find covered or concealed
4. The encircling attack units move out in a
positions within the killing zone from which to
prearranged envelopment of the enemy flank and/or
exchange fire with the enemy. The unit may execute
the immediate assault in the direction shown by the
NOTE: Take care in assaulting the main ambush
unit leader. The direction shown is normally the
force, as mines are commonly used to protect its
weakest point in the ambush and is a prearranged
counter ambush drill.
5. Whenever possible, the enemy rear is
The unit may initially execute a preplanned
enveloped. The assault by the encircling units drives
movement to a position outside the killing zone
the enemy into the fires of the base of fire elements.
indicated by the unit leader. Normally, the position is
one that provides cover and concealment and is the
location from which a subsequent drill is undertaken
to eliminate the enemy.
The company commander must train his or her
troops in convoy defensive techniques. OPSEC
Leading Element in Killing Zone
measures must be considered during the planning
process and practiced during day-to-day hauling
When only the foremost elements of the unit are
operations. The primary types of engagement likely
caught in the killing zone, an immediate encircling
to be encountered during convoy movements are
attack is executed and actions are taken as follows:
attacks by air, artillery, sniper, ambush, and NBC. The
1. Elements within the ambush indicate the nature
convoy commander must ensure that subordinate
and location of the ambush by prearranged signal; for
commanders and drivers are aware of and trained on
Figure 5-7.--Encircling attack.